An interaction between art in Israel and the Diaspora has commenced since the establishment of Bezalel School of Arts in 1906, and was influenced by 20th century art trends. A great effort has been expended since the establishment of Israel in marketing and popularizing Israeli art abroad. Throughout the years Diaspora and Israeli artists and art museums developed diverging approaches to art. This was due to anti-Semitism, Jewish identity issues and the growth of Israel as the Jewish center on the one hand, and a "nation among nations" on the other. This approach will probably continue in the foreseeable future.