Judaism and Jewish identity have never been homogeneous, a statement all the more true today. Internal differentiations, divergent symbols of identification and differences in the meanings ascribed to them, as well as enduring dialogues and debates, have unfolded within the changing perimeters of the Jewish world in various spatial, geopolitical, and socio-cultural contexts. The present recovers and reshapes old and new historical conditions: religion coexists with secularization processes; peoplehood develops hand in hand with national existence; ethnicity and civic commonalities reaffirm one another, and collective belongingness interacts with assimilation trends, while new forms of cohesiveness and their way into the private and public realms of a diversified Jewish existence.
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Bokser Liwerant, Judit. Ben-Rafael, Eliezer. Klal Yisrael Today: Unity and Diversity. Reflections on Europe and Latin America in a Globalized World. A road to nowhere? Jewish experiences in the unifying Europe. Brill Books. 2011: