This is an address by Alfred H . Moses, president of the American Jewish Committee. It was delivered in Jerusalem on March 11, 1993, to the Institute on American Jewish-Israeli Relations. He states that the fundamental question is whether success as Americans is consistent with remaining Jewish or, to put it another way, are the two essentially incompatible? There is no easy answer. But one thing is clear. The prognosis today is far better than it was in the 1930s when, as the late Lucy S. Dawidowicz described it, the Jewish community in America consisted of pockets of Zionists, immigrant Yiddishists, and observant Jews, with the mass of American Jews looking upon Jewishness and Judaism as liabilities and impediments to becoming full Americans.