As part of a colloquium on Jewish education and Jewish identity, the author states that despite the growing interest in recent years in the problems of ethnicity, little has been done by way of systematic analysis of the structure and dynamics of any ethnic identity. And this holds true of the specific ethnic identity with which we are dealing. In the absence of a systematic conceptual framework, the various studies bear little relationship to one another; they do not "add up." Jewish identity is often used loosely as a broad concept under which are subsumed a variety of phenomena. It is customary for almost any survey of Jewish attitudes to be pretentiously styled a study of Jewish identity. As a prelude to any discussion of the role of Jewish education in the development of Jewish identity it becomes necessary to clarify the component elements of such Jewish identity. The purpose of the present paper is to seek to outline these components, as a basis for discussion at this at this Colloquium.