Jewish immigration to Israel (Aliya) is more than just one value along with other Zionist values. Many regard it as the sine qua non of the movement. And while no one questions the centrality of aliya as a core concept within Zionism, the time has certainly come to re-evaluate the process and its implementation . Changing circumstances make it necessary for a dynamic movement to examine many assumptions and venerable, not to say antiquated institutions and modes of thinking. Although, on many occasions, the Zionist movement demonstrated a flexibility in tactics which enabled it to score important advances, unfortunately there have also been too many opportunities missed. For instance, the peace agreement with Egypt should have obligated us to an in-depth discussion of the connection between peace and aliya , the Jewish attachment to Israel in the age of peace.