A deep reflection on the meaning of Zionism is necessary lest the outdated ideas of early 20th century belief cause schism where they once bred unity. From Herzl until 1967, Zionism, and Zion itself was an eschatological bastion, a physical and intellectual space where Jews could retreat from the apocalyptic horror of the Pogroms and the Shoah. But as Zion becomes Israel, the modern, quotidian state, the Zionism of the early days no longer works. Not in Israel, where the concerns are with the State, nor in America, where American Jews live in denial about the moral quandaries of Israeli politics and defense. A new Zionism owes young Jews the right to love Israel critically, lest they not love Israel at all.