The author looks at Jewish fertility in Rhode Island through community surveys from 1963 and 1987. He uses the surveys to make systematic comparisons about overall changes in fertility and patterns of fertility differences among Jews. Goldscheider suggests, holding certain assumptions true, that the average family size will remain at replacement level for the Jewish community of Rhode Island; however he contends that he doesnâ??t know what the fertility level of later generations will be. He also finds that those who demonstrated higher levels of religious observance had a larger family size than those who were less observant of religious rituals. He concludes by asserting that the changing role of women in the 1970s and 1980s has had a clear effect on womenâ??s family size and family formation patterns and that Jewish fertility patterns will remain unique.