Social workers of the early 1960s see group work playing a larger role in their service than in previous years. Patients have grown up in a primary group (their family) and are acculturated to exist in a society founded on group togetherness. Thus, in order best to effect a healthy environment for recovery, social workers must understand and be able to work with groups of patients. Social workers will often be "group leaders" and thus must be keenly aware of group formation, structure, decision-making, discipline, cohesion, and value patterns; as well, social workers should be prepared to work ably with groups formed by patients in hospital settings, especially as these groups will have inconstant membership. Overall, social workers have been working with groups for some time, though an intensive and systematic approach to group work remains to be enacted.
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Putter, Zetta H. The Use of the Group Process Setting within the Psychiatric Setting. Journal of Jewish Communal Service. Jewish Communal Service Association of North America (JCSA),National Conference of Jewish Communal Service. Spring 1961: