This article explores the unique relationship between ethnicity, geography and the Jewish community in historical terms and in terms of its current status as a complex reality. It explores the idea that in America, certain groups, such as Jews, are able to choose which ethnicity to identify with, which complicates Jews' connections to their heritage. The author also highlights the importance of institutions preserving and supporting the Jewish community especially when it comes to maintaining the expression of Jewish identity. The article asserts in the conclusion that the old melting pot paradigm of universalism and particularism doesnâ??t exist; now Jews can both be in the mainstream of American society, yet still Jewish in important ways.