In 1997, when John Ruskay and I became co-Chief Operating Officers of UJA-Federation of New York, we inherited an organization that had played a key role in many of the most important Jewish communal developments of the 20th century, but was in need of significant change if it was to continue to play such a role in the next century. At that time, John was going through a very difficult personal and professional transition. When we joined forces together, we did so in an unusual partnership that continues to guide my professional work to this day. That early work not only changed the way that UJA-Federation did business but has also helped shift the course and direction of federation work worldwide. I use our partnership as a case study in change and leadership and invite you to consider the ramifications of radical restructuring at this fragile time in our economy, when we are all confronting the enormous task of reinventing ourselves without losing our core values and mission.